Electrolytes are important substances for regulating human body functions. The electrolytes are used to regulate from heartbeat rhythm to muscle contraction. Sodium, potassium, chlorine, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus… are all important electrolytes in the body, and they assist the nerve conduction throughout the body and maintain fluid balance.
When the electrolyte is imbalanced, it will cause many symptoms in the body, and may endanger life in severe cases.
The important function of electrolytes is to maintain the balance of water and pH in the body. When the electrolyte is unbalanced, the water and pH of the body will also lose balance, and will have further problems to maintain life. There are many factors that affect electrolyte balance, such as sweating, exercise, bathing, and taking certain drugs in daily life may cause the changes. At this time, electrolytes need to be supplemented to maintain a constant body.
For example: The renal excretion function of patients with kidney disease is reduced, which affects the excretion of sodium and potassium, and excessive sodium and potassium accumulate in the body, and it is dangerous to the body.
Electrolyte testing is of great importance in clinicals. It can assist in the assessment and diagnosis of diseases. The following are some electrolyte test results and related symptoms.
pH test in blood
There are three major systems in the human body that maintain acid-base balance, such as the buffer system, kidney control and respiratory system, which control the pH of the blood between 7.35 and 7.45. If the blood pH is lower than 7.35, it is “acidosis”; If the blood pH is higher than 7.45, it is “alkalosis”. There are many causes of acid-base poisoning, mainly due to respiratory factors and physiological metabolic factors. Regardless of the cause, it may cause the patient’s life to be dangerous. When the symptoms of acid-base poisoning appear in the clinic, urgent treatment is needed to avoid regrets.